Short exhalation Sanchin is the fundamentals of Goju Ryu Karate.
The aim of the kata is to train the three essential elements of karate "Ki"
(energy), "Breath" and the "Body". Ki is the mysterious power that
cannot be seen with the eyes and emanates from the entire body to
suppress and overwhelm an opponent. The breath consists of the breathing
method, breathing for live, and breathing to strike an enemy. Body
represents the muscles and bones of which we are composed. It is said
that in Zen there is sitting meditation, standing meditation, lying
meditation, and moving meditation. Sanchin is moving and standing
meditation. In Sanchin the most important things are correct posture and
correct breathing. The human being is a living creature. We cannot
stop breathing. Correct breathing depends on correct posture. In proper
Sanchin stance, you must focus the strength in your tanden and
straighten your backbone correctly. The tanden is often said to be just
below the navel, but in actual fact it is not an area whose location
should be determined by external references.
It is the place that tightens when you laugh or when you breathe deeply.
The martial arts use short words such as 1. Eyes, 2. Legs, 3. Heart, 4.
Strength, to express
However, the most important part of all these four is posture. Correct
posture consists of closing your mouth, drawing your chin down,
straightening your neck bones, straightening the neck muscles, which
will pull the back muscles straight. Zazen instructs, [to bring the ear
and shoulders in one-plane, nose and navel in another
plane (straight)]. As is said, "Choshin" (body control), "Chosho"(controlled
breathing) the correct posture requires rigorous training. By assuming
this posture, the muscles running down both sides of the neck to the
chest tenses, resulting in the correct extension of the backbone. When
the backbone is correctly extended, strength is concentrated in the
tanden. Repetition of this movement will develop the abdominal and
oblique. This has
a significant effect on the body. When the muscles in the chest area
tighten, it affects those muscles below it, lifting the stomach and
intestines, which in turn stimulates them. As the abdominal muscles
develop, the abdominal region as a whole will naturally develop.
Thoracic breathing becomes habitual and shallow breathing, which causes
shoulder movement, will cease. Breathing with the
shoulders is not a normal way to breathe. When thoracic breathing
is continually practiced, nature (what is natural) will come together
with the spirit. If your posture is not correct it prevents the
circulation of the blood. Unity of the spirit is lost. This turbulence
causes you to lose the strength of you legs and hips. There are Yin and
Yang principles in the way in which you breathe. The Yin is breathing
with the mouth partially open, exhaling in short sharp breaths. The Yang
the mouth wide and exhaling in long breaths that originate from the base
of the abdomen. The Yin of breathing may be felt as cool air when you
hold your hand in front of your mouth and exhale. With Yang principles
of breathing, the exhaled breath feels hot.
The way in which you breathe may be divided into 5 categories.
1.Deep inhalation Long exhalation
3.ShalIow inhalation Short exhalation
4.ShalIow inhalation Long exhalation
5. A combination of 1.2.3. & 4.
begins calmly and finishes calmly. There is calmness in the movements
and all the movements take place in a state of calm. Calmness and
movement are dichotomies, in other words, clam and movement are Yin and
Yang. Goju Ryu Karate is said to begin and end with Sanchin. The depth
of the Sanchin is immeasurable, the training of the ki, the breathing,
and the body. It is sufficient to developing an immovable spirit.
Techniques for attack and defence with the correct power are al possible
with the correct method of breathing and the correct posture. The
training of Sanchin is conducted within the limits of the practitioner'
s body. There are no limits to the
number of times you strike or the number of times you advance or retreat.
Sanchin Dai 1 Three steps forward then return to the original
Sanchin Dai 2 Three steps forward then turn and move three steps
to the rear. Turn again and make three more steps to
the front. Return to the original starting point.
(Miyazato Eiichi - Okinawa Den Goju Ryu Karate-do, 1978)
is from Andrea
Guarelli (Jundokan Italia)